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托福写作有哪些更高级的词汇?

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2022-07-26 10:09:51|已帮助:2

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  想必各位考托福的小主都知道,托福写作和口语的评分都是有E-rater参与的。对于写作而言,E-rater的一个评分要素就是词汇的使用,如果你的作文通篇都是很简单的小词,那么E-rater会认为你在词汇方面的能力是有些limited,可想而知,即便没有其他字数、语法、逻辑、切题等问题,你的整体分数也不会太高。

  那么怎样解决这个问题呢?其实,你不需要整篇文章都拔高一个层次,这在短时间内并不容易实现。你需要做的就是,把一些常用的低级词汇换成不那么常用的高级词汇,让这些高级词汇在文中如星星一般点缀其间,就足以给你的写作增光添彩啦。

  今天,托福君就整理了一些常用词汇的替换词,赶快背起来吧!

  1. famous people : celebrities名人

  2. opinion:perspective / standpoint 观点

  eg:from a theoretical / political / economic standpoint

  3. complex:complicated / intricate 复杂的

  4. part : component 部分

  5. person : individual 人

  6. friends : companions 朋友

  7. enemy : opponent / foe 敌人

  8. narrow minds : insular minds 狭隘的头脑或观念

  9. boring : tedious 无聊的

  10. cold : chilly 寒冷的

  chilly=unpleasantly cold

  11. dangerous : perilous / hazardous 危险的

  eg:The road grew even steeper and more perilous.

  eg:They have no way to dispose of the hazardous waste they produce.

  12. nowadays : currently 目前

  13. result : consequence 结果

  14. obvious : apparent / manifest 明显的

  eg:the manifest failure of the policies

  15. field : domain 领域

  eg:the great experimenters in the domain of art

  16. wrong : erroneous 错误的

  eg:It had been widely and erroneously reported that Armstrong had refused to give evidence.

  17. change : convert 改变、转变

  18. rich : affluent 富有

  eg:Cigarette smoking used to be more common among affluent people.

  19. attractive : appealing / absorbing(fully taking one’s attention) 吸引人的

  eg: an absorbing novel

  20. best : optimal (most desirable or satisfactory)最好的

  eg: optimal solution / design / performance

  21. unbelievable : inconceivable 难以置信的

  eg: It is inconceivable that a man in such a powerful position could act so unwisely.

  22. way : avenue 方法、途径

  eg:The president wants to explore every avenue towards peace in the region.

  23. famous : distinguished杰出的

  eg:a long and distinguished career

  24. ancient:archaic 古旧的,不再使用的

  eg: archaic words

  25. possible : feasible 可行的

  eg: a feasible solution

  26. so : consequently / accordingly 因此

  27. rare : infrequent 很少发生的

  28. careful : cautious / prudent (careful and sensible) 小心的、谨慎的

  eg: It might be prudent to get a virus detector for the network.

  29. dislike : abhor / loathe (dislike very much) 厌恶

  30. near : adjacent / adjoining 附近的

  31. common : universal / ubiquitous 普遍的

  32. important : crucial / significant 重要的

  33. a life without regular exercise : a sedentary lifestyle不运动的生活方式

  34. very popular:prevalent / ubiquitous普遍的、流行的

  35. strong:powerful / mighty 强有力的

  36. be better than:be superior to 比…好

  37. many:numerous很多

  38. alone:solitary 孤独的

  39. same:identical / homogenous / uniform相同的

  40. happy:delighted开心的

  41. good for the environment:eco-friendly 对环境好,环保

  42. doubtful:skeptical 怀疑的

  43. poor-quality:substandard 质量差

  44. spend a lot of money :lead an extravagant / a lavish life花钱大手大脚

  45. with long history:time-honored 历史悠久

  eg:time-honored tradition / practice / heritage

  46. be qualified for:be eligible for 胜任

  47. very difficult:daunting / formidable 困难的

  eg:formidable task / challenge

  48. enough:adequate / sufficient / ample / abundant 足够的

  49. too much:excessive 太多的、大量的

  50. very little:minimal 很少

  51. cause bad effects:counterproductive 产生不良后果

  52. make sth. worse:aggravate / exacerbate 使某物变得更糟

  eg:Building the new road will only aggravate the situation.

  53. stop:cease 停止

  54. appear:emerge / arise 出现

  55. complain:grumble 抱怨某事

  56. develop fast:flourish / thrive 发展迅速

  57. work hard:work assiduously 努力工作

  58. consider:contemplate / ponder 深思

  eg:I found myself constantly pondering the question: "How could anyone do these things?"

  59. solve:tackle / address 解决

  60. choose:opt (for / to do) 选择

  eg:Depending on your circumstances you can opt for one method or the other.

  61. achieve:fulfill 实现

  eg:That task had been fulfilled.

  62. limit:restrict / confine限制

  63. improve:boost / enhance 提高

  eg:enhance productivity

  64. waste:use… lavishly 浪费

  65. change a lot:fundamentally change / radically change / transform 变化很大

  66. obey:abide by / comply with 服从、听从

  67. depend on:hinge on / be contingent on 取决于,随...而定

  eg:My decision will hinge on your views.

  68. get rid of:eliminate / remove / abolish 摆脱、除去

  69. mainly:primarily / principally / chiefly 主要地

  70. before:prior to 在...之前

  71. be punished by the law:be brought to justice 被法律制裁

  72. in fact:in essence 事实上

  73. carry out:conduct 开展

  74. pace of life:rhythm of life / tempo of life 生活节奏

  75. adapt to:adjust to / acclimate to 适应

  好啦,今天的内容就到这里,更多托福备考资讯,请关注环球教育官网!

以上是小编整理的托福写作有哪些更高级的词汇?全部内容。

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