速得网合作机构> DESTOON二次开发欢迎您!

全国统一学习专线 8:30-21:00

托福阅读难句备考类型有哪些?

logo
来源:

2022-07-25 23:43:07|已帮助:0

进入 >

  把词汇量较大除外,句子结构复杂同样是新托福阅读文章的一大障碍。面对难句,一定要快速的把握其主干与关键,由于考试时牵涉案的主要是句子的主干和重点,而针对句子简化题尤其是这样。要把握难句的主干以及关键点,先需要要明白清它们的类型。本文便为大家分析了托福阅读难句备考类型有哪些的内容。

  托福阅读难句备考类型主要包括以下这些:

  1.定语(包含后置定语与定语从句)

  2.同位语

  3.并列结构

  4.that引导的各种从句

  5.插入结构

  6.独立主格

  7.倒装句

  8.强调句

  9.虚拟语气

  针对不一样类型的难句,把握主干的方法也是不相同的。在这里用倒装句为例,主要有下列情况:

  1.方位副词放在句首

  Herein lay the beginning of what ultimately turned from ignorance to denial of the value of nutritional therapies in medicine。

  2.介词放在句首 Among the species of seabirds that use the windswept cliffs of the Atlantic coast of Canada in the summer to mate, lay eggs, and rear their young are common murres, Atlantic puffins, black-legged kittiwakes, and northern gannets。

  3. 形容词放在句首 Implicit in it is an aesthetic principle as well: that the medium has certain qualities of beauty and expressiveness with which sculptors must bring own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony。

  4.过去分词放在句首

  Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”, the film has never been, in the full sense of the word, silent。

  5.现在分词放在句首

  Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans。

  句子倒装的目的主要有两个:

  一是被提前的部分被强调,如上述的第四句:Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”,其中的accustomed按照正常语序应该放在are之后:Though we are accustomed to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”。之所以将accustomed提前,是为了强调它。二是为了句子的平衡,否则将导致头重脚轻的效果,如上述的一句、第三句和第五句。

  以第五句为例,按照正常语序应该是:Fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans were missing until recently。但是这种句子结构比较糟糕,因为主语及其修饰语过长(从句首直到cetaceans),而谓语部分were missing until recently较短,容易造成头重脚轻的效果。第五句将missing提前,避免了这一现象。

  上述介绍了托福阅读难句备考类型有哪些的内容,为了考试时能迅速把握托福阅读文章句子的主干,大家需要较多的阅读和分析。

以上是小编整理的托福阅读难句备考类型有哪些?全部内容。

  • 最新文章