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分享托福听力细节题技巧

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2022-07-25 23:39:29|已帮助:0

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  托福听力里有庞杂的细节题目,比如转折、对比、问答、强调以及解释等,因为在整个听力里必须要高度集中注意力,因为稍不注意便会听漏听错,环球教育小编为大家讨论下托福听力细节题技巧。

  以下用实例为大家分享托福听力细节题技巧:

  在这里先为大家介绍下举例细节题。举例细节题其实是用例子说明概念,大部分时间ETS会考察所举例子与说话人的论点间的逻辑关系。因此大家经常看见的举例细节题是这样的:

  Why does the professor mention/say/talk about/discuss…?

  可能少数时候,它们还能跟重听结合:

  Why does the speaker say this?

  不管是哪种形式的考察,若想要做好举例细节题,那么便要听好例子与上下文的逻辑,此要求大家在听听力时需要有足够的预判能力:哪里也许出现这样的题目。那我们就一层一层剥开举例细节题的高频出题点:

  开始一层是很明显的举例表达,比如:for example,for instance,take … for example,take…,like…等。只需要说话人员说要举例,便必须要注意例子部分,以及例子和上下文的关系。比如TPO 15 L1第10题:

  Why does the professor mention a high way?

  A. To compare two experiments designed to study distraction.

  B. To give an example of when area V5 might be activated.

  C. To describe a limitation in the brain's processing capacity.

  D. To make a point about the effect of distractions on driving.

  原文中,教授是这么说的:Lavie thinks the solution lies in the brain' s ability to accept or ignore visual information. She thinks its capacity is limited. It's like a highway. When there are too many cars, traffic is stopped. No one can get on. So when the brain is loaded to capacity,no new distractions can be perceived .

  笔记顺着教授讲的思路记下来后,Lavie的想法是capacity is limited,然后用like类比,limited capacity与highway建立了联系,而题目也正是考察这种联系,所以倒着推到like的前一句就是举例的逻辑答案。选C。

  把比较明显的直接用举例或类比的词句连接除外,举例细节同时还会披上另一层马甲,即是“跑题”讲故事讲自己,又或是讲自己的故事。只要在听力里的说话者想借助小故事让自己的想法更浅显易懂的时候,考生们就不得轻松了,这时要特别注意他们讲的故事和上下文的逻辑关系。比如TPO 34 C1第3题:

  Why does the woman mention walking in the woods?

  A. It is the possible topic of a story she will write.

  B. It is what she does to get inspiration for writing.

  C. It is an activity that she enjoys very much.

  D. It is the setting of her favorite short story.

  在原文中,教授想给学生解释一个道理:Well,in fact,I'd hope you'd see that. Of course,there are many levels to this story,but what I really want the class to take away from it was that you don't need to write about the great,exciting world when you write your stories,uh,even writing about a memory can work.

  学生表示明白:Like I could write about one of the times I took a walk in the woods when I was a kid.

  上文介绍了托福听力细节题技巧的内容,希望大家可以认真的阅读,若还想了解更多有关托福考试的信息,可以在线咨询或者是直接留言。

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