速得网合作机构> DESTOON二次开发欢迎您!

全国统一学习专线 8:30-21:00

托福考试中副词用法

logo
来源:

2022-07-25 23:36:32|已帮助:0

进入 >

  语法虽然不是托福考试的单独考查项,但是在托福口语与写作中也不能出现语法中的低级错误,环球教育小编为考生介绍一下托福考试中副词用法,希望对考生备考有所帮助。

  1 副词与形容词的功能区别:形容词修饰名词;副词修饰除名词以外的所有词性及句子成分

  [例1] The ordeal of the Cherokee Indians, who were forcible moved from their homeland in the 1830*s, is remembered as the *Tears*.

  [答案] B 修饰动词moved应用副词forcibly

  [例2] Although the United States experienced rapidly growth in the first half of the nincieenth century, it was still predominately concerned with agriculture and forestry.

  [答案] A 修饰名词growth应用形容词rapid,而不用副词rapidly,此题是TOEEL常考类型题。请注意以- ly后缀构成的副词通常是命题焦点。

  2. 否定词not与形容词no的区别

  解题要点: 区分副词not和形容词no的命题是TOEEL常考的题型,主要分布在structure (1-15题)中。当not或no出现在选择答案中,应首先判断它所修饰的中心词的词性以决定选哪一个否定词。

  实例分析

  (1) Since Alaska attained statehood in 1959------- single party has dominated politics there.

  (A) none  (B) no  (C) not  (D) never

  [答案] B 修饰中心名词party应用形容词no,而非副词not

  (2) ------- social crusade aroused Elizabeth Williams enthusiasm more than the expansion of the United States.

  (A) No  (B) Nothing  (C) Not  (D) None

  [答案] 修饰主语名词crusade 应用形容词no. 而非副词not

  (3) ------- all rainwater falling from a cloud reaches the ground, some of it is lost through evaporation.

  (A) Nowhere  (B) Not  (C) No  (D) None

  [答案] B 修饰形容词all应用否定副词not。Not all (不是所有的)是固定短语搭配,表示的是部分否定,not all = sosme.

  (4) The mechanism by which brain cells store memories is ------- clearly understood.

  (A) none  (B) no  (C) not  (D) nor

  [答案] C 否定系词is,应用副词not

  (5) Not woman held a presidential cabinet position in the United States until 1933. When Frances Perkins became secretary of labor.

  [答案] A Not 改为No.

  3. 辨别词形相近的副词和形容词

  hare (努力、副词)- hardly (几乎不、副词)

  close (接近、形容词)- closely (接近、副词)

  near (接近、形容词)- nearly (几乎、副词)

  most (大多数的、形容词)-mostly(主要地、副词)

  late (迟、晚、形容词)-lately(最近、副词)

  例题分析

  (1) Chief Joseph Flesche. A vigorous Omaha leader, worked hardly to make his nation a proud and progressive one.

  [答案] B hardly (几乎不)改为hard(努力)

  (2) Glaciers that develop nearly the North and South Poles advance into the sea. Break into pieces, and become icebergs.

  [答案] B 副词nearly意思是“几乎”。此句应改为near(接近)

  (3) Those electrons most closely to the nucleus are held electromagnetic force.

  [答案] B most closely 改为most close

  以上就是托福考试中副词用法,希望对大家的备考有帮助。

以上是小编整理的托福考试中副词用法全部内容。

  • 最新文章